Span gas online shop UK: Helium / argon mixtures are sometimes used for their higher heat characteristics. Gas mixtures, usually 25% helium and 75% argon are sometimes used and can help to increase travel speeds when AC – gas tungsten arc welding. Mixtures of more than 25% helium for AC – gas tungsten arc welding are used, but not often, as they can tend to produce instability, under certain circumstances, in the AC arc. Pure helium or high percentages of helium (He-90%, Ar-10%) shielding gas are used primarily for gas tungsten arc machine welding with direct current electrode negative (DCEN). Often designed as seam welders, the combination of GTAW – DCEN and the high heat input from the gas used can provide fast welding speeds and outstanding penetration. This configuration is sometimes used to produce full penetration butt welds, welded from one side only, onto temporary baking with no vee-groove preparation, just a square edged plate.
Low cost, high quality: Argon is widely used because, like CO2, it is low cost. It is odourless, colourless, and known for not reacting to high levels of elements like oxygen or water. So why use it over CO2? As we mentioned, CO2 yields imperfect results, as it leaves openings for oxygen to compromise the weld. Argon, on the other hand, is much more stable and controllable. It keeps the molten weld from getting damaged, becoming brittle and breaking, and can be used with other gases such as helium to enhance the quality. The perfect choice would be a mix of argon and something else. Argon would always be the gas with the largest quantity though.
Ferric stainless steels used in the likes of exhausts and catalytic converters have high strength and good high-temperature properties, while martensitic stainless steels – used for vehicle chassis and under-carriage components of tractors – are more difficult to weld. A gas for every occasion: Specshield 2.5% CO2 is an excellent general-purpose gas for applications like MIG welding thin automotive parts, such as exhausts, using solid wire. Its mix of argon and 2.5% carbon dioxide gives a good wetting action and produces smooth welds with minimal spatter and low surface oxidation but its fusion is relatively low. See extra info on Hydrogen Calibration gas.
A perfect welding result, without impairment of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, can only be obtained when using a backing gas with very low oxygen content. For best results, a maximum of 20 ppm O2 at the root side can be tolerated. This can be achieved with a purging setup and can be controlled with a modern oxygen meter. Pure argon is by far the most common gas for root protection of stainless steels. Formier gas (N2 + 5 – 12% H2) is an excellent alternative for conventional austenitic steels. The gas contains an active component, H2, which brings down the oxygen level in the weld area. Zero calibration gas is a gas that does not contain flammable gas. You will need this gas in the calibration of analyser’s or gas detectors. Span calibration gases are a more advanced type of calibration gas. They contain a more precise total make up of detectable gases.
The main hazard arising from exposure to shielding gases is asphyxiation, usually stemming from accumulation of the gases in confined spaces. Shielding gases are supplied at a flow rate of around 15l/min in gas shielded welding processes and the gases may leak from connections in gas supply lines if these are not properly tightened. Argon is heavier than air, so argon and gases comprised mainly of argon tend to collect in low areas such as pits. Inhaling a gas, such as pure argon, which contains no oxygen can cause loss of consciousness in seconds. Workers should not enter an atmosphere that contains less than 18% oxygen. Source: www.weldingsuppliesdirect.co.uk.