According to nature’s law of survival, each animal has its own kind of food, physiological in accordance with its inherent life. A calf born after only a few hours can get up and walk by itself. A child from birth to getting up and walking takes at least 12 months, and at the same time has to go through the stages of pulling, crawling, standing and walking. Human food is diverse, rich and full of nutrients, a very special food that no other food can compare, so breast milk is the best food, best suited for babies, without any substitute food, let alone cow’s milk.
A woman who is born with great happiness is being a wife and mother. Traditionally, Vietnamese women want to feed their babies with their own milk, which is a good and scientific practice. Today, with a lot of advertising information on the market mechanism of infant formula supplements to help children develop well in weight and height, and smart with incorrect awareness of some young mothers and families. Conditionally, formula milk can replace breast milk or even better than breast milk.
Using formula milk is one of the reasons why babies refuse to breastmilk, so when formula prices increase, mothers still have to buy them for their babies, especially during the stormy period today. Many mothers often complain and really have difficulty when babies are sick, babies refuse to eat formula, while breastmilk is not available (because they do not breastfeed) due to the abuse of formula. At the same time, mothers also complained about the change in the type of milk, but the nutritional status of their children did not make any difference. The expectation of formula too much, as advertised information, has become disappointment to mothers. Nutritionists have made recommendations that there is no better food or food than breast milk, as replaceable and suitable as breast milk, so maintaining and preserving breast milk for babies is very important. necessary and important.
Why is breast milk the best food for children, especially babies?
Breast milk is the most complete and most suitable food for babies, because it contains enough energy and essential nutrients such as protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and minerals in appropriate proportions, suitable for absorption and development of the child’s body. Breastfeeding, the baby will grow up quickly, preventing the risk of malnutrition.
Breast milk contains many antibacterial substances, enhancing the child’s resistance against intestinal diseases and bacterial infections. In breast milk, there are antibodies that protect the baby’s body that no food can get. Because of the antibacterial effects of breast milk, breastfed babies are less likely to get sick.
Breastfed babies are less prone to allergies and eczema like cow’s milk.
Breastfeeding is convenient and economical because it does not depend on time, does not need to be processed, does not need tools to prepare, but is very convenient. Breastfed babies will be much more convenient, economical, and ensure food hygiene and safety. When the mother eats properly and feels comfortable, she will have enough milk to breastfeed.
Breastfeeding helps to bond with motherhood, mother has a lot of natural time, which is an important psychological factor to help the child’s harmonious development.
Breastfeeding contributes to fertility planning and reduces the incidence of breast cancer.
How to breastfeed
After giving birth, many mothers only breastfeed their babies when they are engorged, which is often called down milk, which is not correct, because it causes the milk to decrease more slowly. Ideally, within the first hour after birth, the mother should breastfeed her baby. Suck as soon as possible. Because breast milk is secreted on reflex, early breastfeeding stimulates milk secretion. Babies fed colostrum will have antibodies to prevent infection. Breastfed babies have the effect of shrinking the uterus and stopping bleeding for the mother after birth.
The number of feedings is not limited by the time but depends on the baby’s needs. Breastfeeding whenever the baby wants to eat, if the mother thinks she has less milk, she needs to feed her baby a lot to stimulate better milk secretion.
When breastfeeding a baby, the mother is in a comfortable position, lying or sitting, so the baby’s whole body is close to the mother: the baby’s mouth is deeply embedded in the black halo around the nipple for better suckling. Feeding time depends on the baby. Breastfeed until the baby is full, leaving the breast. After feeding on one side, if the baby is not full enough, switch to the other breast.
Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months, no need for any other food, including water. When the baby is sick, even if the baby has diarrhea, continue to breastfeed. Weak premature babies cannot breastfeed, or in cases where the mother is sick, the mother suffers from a number of diseases that cannot be breastfed, it is necessary to express the breast milk into a cup and feed the baby with a spoon or directly drink from a cup.
Children should be breastfed until 18 months – 24 months old, do not wean babies before 12 months of age.
When weaning children, attention should be paid to:
Do not wean too soon, when there is not enough food to completely replace breast milk.
Do not wean in hot summer, because the child is not eating well.
Should not wean suddenly, it is easy to cause emotional trauma, making children fussy and anorexic.
Do not wean when the child is sick, especially when the child has diarrhea because the baby’s alternative food can not be adapted, easily leading to digestive disorders, easily causing malnutrition.
After weaning, there should be alternative diets to ensure enough nutrients for children, especially protein (meat, fish, eggs, milk, beans …), fats (oils, fats) and other Vegetables…
Protect breast milk
If you want to have milk for breast-feeding, the mother right during pregnancy needs to eat a full range of nutrients, have a resting regimen, work properly, have a comfortable spirit, help the mother gain good weight (increase 10-12 kg), which is a source of fat reserves for milk production after birth.
When breastfeeding, the first thing to consider is that the mother needs to eat enough, drink enough, and get a good night’s sleep. Mother’s diet is higher than normal. Every day eat a few more bowls of rice, a little meat, fish, eggs or a little vegetables. Should eat more ripe fruit to get enough vitamins. Traditional dishes such as glutinous rice porridge, willow or crushed salted sesame seeds served with sticky rice have the effect of stimulating milk secretion. Spicy foods such as chili, onions, and garlic should be limited because it causes an unpleasant odor, and babies can easily stop feeding.
When breastfeeding, it should be limited to use drugs because some drugs can pass through milk to poison the baby and reduce lactation.
Breastfeeding mothers should drink the most water, especially porridge, juice, milk … (about 1.5 to 2.0 liters per day).
Because breastmilk is secreted by reflex mechanism, the mother’s spirit must be comfortable and confident to avoid stress, sadness, anxiety, and insomnia. The regime of resting labor after childbirth affects milk excretion.
Industrial milk contains many vitamins, minerals, protein and fat with the same structural composition as breast milk. But most industrial milk either lacks or contains no antibodies, has no living cells, has no growth factors, has no enzymes or hormones, these biological factors inherent in breast milk and play a role. important for children’s development. In contrast, industrial milk contains more protein (or in today’s case, some milk contains too much protein) than breast milk, and that’s not a good thing.
Industrial dairy products with protein content in some currently circulating in the market may be higher than average, but not necessarily low. And, this issue raises many questions regarding the levels of other nutrients that may be out of balance compared to breast milk. It is also a reminder of the preciousness of breast milk that some Vietnamese mothers are not fully aware of. The controversy surrounding the problem of protein content in industrial milk is a caution: for young children, there is no substitute for breast milk.
To prevent malnutrition and disease prevention for children, mothers need to practice breastfeeding.