Many mothers have a habit of setting bones to get water to cook for their children and believe that bone broth is rich in calcium, containing all of the most quintessential nutrients of food. The sweetness of the bone broth helps babies feel delicious, easy to digest and helps to keep bones strong. But the nutritionists don’t think so.
For children, the proper use of fat is extremely essential for development. The baby’s weight doubles as it was at birth at five months, three times at one year, and four times at two. The baby’s brain also tripled that at birth at one year old, reaching 80% of the adult brain at two years old, the size of the adult brain at six years old. Meanwhile, fat makes up 70 – 85% of the structure of the brain and nerves. Therefore, this time children need a lot of energy and fat.
Although there is a lot of fat in the bone marrow, these are animal fats, difficult to digest. If the child eats a lot, it will cause diarrhea or raw stools. The notion that just feeding the child flour, porridge with bone broth is full of nutrients, completely wrong. Because meat and bone broth does not contain many nutrients, but only contains very few vitamins, protein, calcium …
Calcium is an important component in the structure of bones and teeth, helps bones develop firmly and helps children develop height. There is a lot of calcium in the bones, but it is inorganic calcium, so the young body cannot absorb it. This is the reason why children are rickets, slow teething because they often only eat flour and porridge with bone broth.
Protein in meat, fish, shrimp … no matter how long it is cooked, it remains in the pulp. If a child only eats water but does not eat something, he will be deficient in protein leading to malnutrition and anemia. And vitamins C, E, A, iron, zinc … found in vegetables only dissolve a little in water, children will be constipated if they only feed water due to lack of fiber. So, children should eat whole portions by crushing, grinding or chopping to ensure full quality.
Porridge, flour or rice if mixed with bone broth without vegetables, meat, will make children feel easy to swallow. Over time, children will form a habit of lazy to chew, or suck on food and lead to anorexia. Chewing plays a very important role in the digestion of food. Chewing not only small foods, mixing them with saliva contains digestive enzymes, but also affects the child’s jaw system.
To ensure adequate nutrition, baby food needs to contain the following four nutritional groups:
Starch (rice, noodles, corn, potatoes …): Provides the majority of energy, more than 1/2 of the protein and vitamin needs that your baby’s body needs.
Protein (meat, fish, shrimp, crab …): Very necessary for the growth and development of children.
Fat (cooking oil): It is essential for brain development, provides a lot of energy, helps to absorb fat-soluble vitamins, and makes dough soft and easy to swallow.
Vegetables not only provide vitamins, iron and other minerals necessary for the body, but also provide fiber to help children avoid constipation.