Fever is a common symptom in children especially young children.
Normal body temperature ranges from 36.50C to 37.50C. Children have the same temperature as adults, but in children, because the air-conditioning center is not complete, they are prone to fever and high fever.
Fever is when the body temperature is over 37.50C. Temperature measured in the armpit and measured with a thermometer.
1. How to detect and evaluate the degree when a child has a fever.
How to detect: When the child has a red face or a pale pale face, his eyes loses his clarity quickly, he is fussy or tired, sleeps a lot. It feels hotter to touch the baby’s palms, palms or limbs or hold the mother’s cheek against the baby’s forehead. The most accurate way to find out is to use a mercury thermometer to measure temperature.
How to measure temperature: Before measuring, check the thermometer, if the mercury level of the thermometer is below 360C we immediately measure. But if the thermometer’s mercury level is higher than 360 ° C, we must use the index finger to place the thermometer with the mercury bulb parallel, while the other fingers hold the thermometer out and read the mercury level in the thermometer.
If the temperature is above 37.50C, the child will have a fever.
Evaluate the degree of fever:
+ When the temperature is from 37.50C to 38.50C, there is a mild fever.
+ When the temperature is from 38.50C to 390C, the fever is moderate.
+ When the temperature is between 390C-400C, the fever is high.
+ When the temperature is> 400C, the fever is very high.
2. The cause of the fever
Fever is not a disease but a symptom of many diseases, due to the body’s reaction to infections, or sudden heat or cold or metabolic changes in the body, etc. If the fever is low, the temperature is not more than 38.50C, it has not harmed the child but also creates good conditions for the child to fight infections. But if the fever is high or the fever is too high, it will make the child tired due to dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and possibly convulsions.
So when a child has a fever, it is necessary to find the cause.
There are usually two main groups of causes of fever.
Fever due to common causes: rhinitis, amydal inflammation, fever due to colds, viral … usually fever lasts only 3-4 days, the child is still awake, still able to eat and often accompanied by signs Signs such as runny nose, sneezing, coughing or rash … are usually benign.
Fever is also one of the signs of dangerous diseases such as pneumonia, malaria, dengue fever, meningitis, septic encephalitis…. Children often have high fever and very tired with other symptoms such as chills, hemorrhage, convulsions, vomiting, difficulty breathing, cyanosis, lethargy, struggles or kisses to ask questions … accompanied by the above symptoms are very dangerous, potentially threatening the child’s life if not detected and handled in time.
3. How to treat children with fever
When the child has a mild fever, the temperature is from 37.50C to 38.50C, he / she does not need to use antipyretic drugs, but only need to remove clothes for the child to drink more water, if the child is breastfed more. Avoid leaving children in a windy place, continue to monitor, take the temperature again for 3-4 hours.
When the child has a fever above 38.50C, they need to take off clothes, put on thin, soft, airy, loose underwear, reduce room temperature, open the door, turn on the fan (avoid drafts), give cool medicine or put medicine in the anus.
In parallel with the drug, using a soft cotton towel that is normally water-absorbent, squeezed dry, put it on the child’s forehead and then wiping the child’s armpits, 2 groin or wiping the body also contributes to lowering the child’s temperature. Using ice or ice compresses your baby will cause him to react poorly. Give your child plenty of fluids, especially fresh fruit juices. Avoid the situation that when a child has a high fever, he abstains from the wind, sometimes making the child even more feverish, sometimes damaging the child’s life.
When to bring children to medical facilities?
+ All children under 5 years old who have a fever after being treated for more than 1 day still have a fever, need to bring them to a medical facility to find the cause.
+ For cases of high fever using antipyretic drugs and measures not to reduce.
+ The child has a fever with signs such as fatigue, lethargy, convulsions, not eating or drinking or vomiting, abdominal pain, bleeding, chills, difficulty breathing …
Need to go to the emergency room as soon as possible
In short, need to calmly monitor and handle. Give fever-reducing medicine, then take the child to a medical facility to find the cause. Cases of fever accompanied by dangerous signs such as seizures, not eating or drinking … should immediately take the child to the medical facility.