Do not breastfeed your baby
According to research results in Kien Thuy, Hai Phong, the rate of mothers breast-feeding within the first hour after birth was 55.2%. 20.2% of mothers exclusively breastfeed their babies in the first 6 months.
Breast milk is the best natural food source for babies. In breast milk, there are adequate nutritional components with a proportion suitable for the digestive system and absorption of the baby. Breast milk also has antibodies to help children strengthen their resistance to infections. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of malnutrition (malnutrition) or over nutrition (overweight / obesity), chronic non-communicable diseases in adulthood, especially cardiovascular disease, hyperemia. pressure, diabetes, …
Although breastmilk has many benefits for babies, not every mother knows it and does it. Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months are usually: the mother has to go to work early, the mother thinks her milk is not as good as formula, prefers foreign milk, wants to keep fit, …
Children have to drink formula milk and solids before 6 months, because the mother has to go to work, so the baby cannot afford to exclusively breastfeed. Advertising and marketing of breast milk substitutes (even colostrum) have had a rather negative impact, making some mothers not trust the value of their milk, or are too fond of foreign milk. Many mothers want to keep in shape after giving birth, so they breastfeed instead of breast milk. In addition, some mothers do not know how to breastfeed properly and protect their milk supply.
Supplement too early or too late
Complementary food is a form of supplementing food for a baby other than breast milk. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, the time for complementary feeding (snacks, snacks) is when the baby is 6 months old (180 days). Due to the increasing demand of the baby, breast milk is not enough, so it is necessary to supplement the baby’s food. Currently, many women still think that when feeding children with complementary foods early, they will be stronger and their children will not go hungry, so children get complementary foods from the 4th and 5th months, even a few children can get complementary foods. from the 3rd month of age. That has affected the utilization of breast milk, and the baby is prone to digestive disorders leading to malnutrition. In particular, some mothers in rural, remote and isolated areas still feed their children with unhygienic chewable rice, even a source of disease transmission to their children.
According to nutritionists, early supplementation will increase the burden on the digestive system, affecting the digestion, health and development of the child. Complementary food is often indigestible, so the baby will not eat. Without enough nutrients, your baby will slowly gain weight and be susceptible to malnutrition. For children, the diet is sequentially from liquid foods such as milk, to dilute flour, thick powder, and rice porridge.
Conversely, when the baby is fed with complementary foods late, and breast milk is not enough to meet demand, the baby will slowly gain weight. Since breast milk after 6 months cannot meet the increasing nutritional needs of the baby, it is important to offer complementary foods. In addition to breastmilk, babies need 1-2 extra meals a day.
Care and nurture when the child is sick
Taking care of and nurturing a child before, during, and after getting sick is very important because it will make the disease go away quickly, restore health quickly and increase the resistance to disease. When the child is sick: fever, diarrhea, … the need for energy and nutrients is more than usual, while some mothers have a misconception that forces the child to diet as: Do not feed the child with oil or fat, only give monosodium glutamate (sugar), do not feed the child, do not feed the child with green vegetables, … fear that the child will go out more. Children with fever are dehydrated, but do not rehydrate and drink Oresol water, force them on a diet, … After recovering from the illness, do not give the child more food to quickly recover their health. The baby’s diet is imbalanced and is not balanced enough, so the child is susceptible to malnutrition.
Feeding your child too many nutrients
Protein requirement of children from 6-11 months old is 2-2.5 g / kg / 24 hours, average requirement is 14-17 g / 24 hours (corresponding to 20-30g of meat / meal). The amount of oil or fat is 1-2 teaspoons per meal. amount of green vegetables 1-2 teaspoons / meal. The recipe for a meal of crab powder for children aged 7-9 months includes: 4 teaspoons of non-glutinous rice flour, 1 bowl of filtered water, 1 teaspoon of fat for eating, 2 teaspoons of chopped green vegetables. In the first year, the child’s nutritional needs are very high, which is necessary for development, while the baby’s stomach is small, the digestive system is very weak, if not well nourished, it is easy to get diarrhea, leading to failure. nutrition, rickets. Therefore, mothers have to pay close attention to food safety and hygiene while choosing food, in storage / processing, … and at the same time feeding the baby to the right needs, avoiding overeating. Many nutrients.
Supplementary meals for children must ensure enough essential nutrients: the group of carbohydrates, the group that provides proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Feeding enough demand, balanced nutrients to help children develop well, in contrast, children will be at risk of underweight and stunting malnutrition. If the diet is too much protein, causing the immature digestive system to work tired, easily disturbed digestion, causing live stools, diarrhea, …
Another common mistake is that some mothers still think that the broth, bone broth is enough nutritious, not for the children to eat … while these broths almost do not contain protein. Protein-based foods are still used monotonously. Many mothers do not feed their children fish, crabs, shrimp, eggs, … fear that their children are allergic to food, afraid of fishy … easily cause anorexia, and create biased and difficult eating habits. later changes.
Small without nurturing / care, growing up will “nurture / compensate care”
Due to the impact of modern lifestyles, parents often cannot take care of their children from a young age, because they think that later when their children grow up, they can take care of “compensatory”. This is a very wrong viewpoint that still exists in many parents, especially young families.
Scientific fact has proven that malnutrition during critical human development – before and during pregnancy and during the first 2 years of life of the child has programmed each individual to regulate growth and affects brain development. Thus, early childhood malnutrition can lead to irreversible damage to brain development, immune system and physical growth. Children with underdeveloped brain in the early years of life will be at risk of diseases of the nervous system later: poor learning, early drop-out, poor working skills, … The first 1000 days of life are window of opportunity for prevention of nutritional-related chronic diseases such as overweight, obesity, metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure, osteoporosis. Therefore, the care and nurture of the child from the time of pregnancy until the child is 2 years old is very important, it determines the height, weight, disease and brain of the child in adulthood. If the 1000-day period is not well nurtured and cared for, no matter how much effort we make, it cannot be compensated because almost everything has been “arranged”. Therefore, nutritional support at this stage achieves optimal results compared to any other stage in a child’s life.