Everyone knows that water is the origin of life, is the essential condition of life, so for families with young children who do not know how to ask for water themselves, the question of parents is always. For children to drink how much water every day is enough, from what age do they need to drink more water?
Because breastmilk is a complete food source in the first 6 months of life, at this time, if the baby is exclusively breastfed (the first 6 months), there is no need for any supplementation including drinking water. From the full 6 months onwards, the child starts to eat ground porridge / porridge, the child needs to drink more water to ensure good digestion, to avoid constipation. Due to a number of different physiological characteristics (such as incomplete kidney function, greater body water ratio, lack of thirst for drinking …), the child’s water needs also need to be determined separately. According to the recommendations of the Institute of Nutrition is: 150ml / kg weight / day.
As for the water requirement of adolescents: 40ml / kg body weight
From 19 – 30 years old, with heavy physical activity: 40ml / kg
From 19 to 55 years old, average physical activity: 35ml / kg
Adults> = 55 years: 30ml / kg
In special cases such as hot weather, sweating a lot, you need to drink more water, in diarrhea in addition to drinking more water need more fluids.
Along with the role of water, it is also important to mention that electrolytes, including Na, K (potassium) and Cl (chloride) are essential substances in the diet. Na plays a role in regulating pressure in the cardiovascular system, K is responsible for transporting nerve impulses and maintaining normal blood pressure. Cl along with Na and K help maintain water balance, blood pH and gastric juice (HCl).
We already know the main role electrolytes play in the body, but when is the body vulnerable to these disorders and what specific risks come up with it? vitamin K in cases of vomiting a lot, chronic digestive disease .. causing heart rhythm disturbances, consuming too much vitamin K when weak kidneys cause poisoning and slow heart rate can stop beating. Vitamin K is found in fresh foods such as fresh meats, fruits and vegetables. Na is abundant in processed foods, foods of animal origin. Cl is in table salt and dipping sauce. Rarely Na deficiency (due to diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating, kidney disease), high K and low Na diets often lead to low blood pressure. Mainly is the risk of consuming too much Na (due to salty salt, causing hypertension. Lack of Cl when vomiting a lot, persistent sweating, chronic digestive tract inflammation, kidney failure. dehydration, lack of water.
We live in a summer that is predominantly hot, very susceptible to dehydration and electrolyte deficiency through perspiration, take care to ensure an adequate supply of water and electrolytes is needed at all ages! For the health of the whole family!