Seasonal weather, high temperature difference between day and night are the reasons why young children are susceptible to rhinitis. The disease often recurs many times, children under 3 years old can get rhinitis 4-6 times a year, the frequency may increase during the period when children go to kindergarten or kindergarten. So we need to monitor and manage when the child is sick to prevent dangerous complications.
Rhinitis is a common disease in children from about 6 months to 7-8 years. This is inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, because the child’s immunity is still poor, so it is easy to get sick. When the child breathes in air going from the outside to the lungs, providing oxygen to the body and pathogens also enter. If not treated completely, the disease recurs many times will lead to complications such as pneumonia, ear infections, acute otitis media, acute sinusitis …
Children often have a fever and appear suddenly if the illness is mild, then only 37.5oc if the fever is superinfected is quite high, maybe 39-40oC, in 2-3 days. In addition, children are irritable, fussy, poor appetite, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea … Nasal congestion accompanied by a runny or mucous nose and cough. If the symptoms last for more than 7 days, be careful of complications of rhinitis.
Treatment of rhinitis
When a child has rhinitis, daily need to drop his nose with 0.9% saline solution, 3-4 times a day until the runny child stops, teach him how to blow his nose properly (block one side, blow nose on the other side). Give your child enough nutrients of meat, fish, eggs, beans, ripe vegetables and fruits … to help them recover quickly.
If the child has a high fever of over 38oC, it is necessary to reduce the fever by cooling and using fever-reducing medicine as prescribed by a physician. Cool with a cotton towel soaked in warm water (with child’s body temperature) squeezed, wiping the entire body. Dress your child in thin, airy clothing, where the child lies should be well ventilated, but avoid drafts. Need to monitor the temperature of the child regularly. Also let your child drink plenty of fluids because fever dehydrates.
Special attention when a child with rhinitis suddenly finds a high fever must be careful of complications, they need to take the child to the nearest medical facility for examination and treatment.
How disease prevention?
When the weather changes, keep warm when it gets cold. Keep the house, where to sleep clean. Do not use your hand to pick your nose to avoid damaging the nasal mucosa. Daily use warm water or saline to clean and wash your nose. Nasal cleaning helps to remove rust, mucus, helps prevent and contributes to respiratory infections such as rhinitis, nasal congestion, sneezing and sinusitis. When rhinitis persists for more than 7 days or has more severe symptoms such as ear pain, hoarseness, difficulty breathing, children must promptly take them to medical facilities for examination and treatment.