Vitamins and minerals are one of the essential elements for the development of a child’s body. Children with normal health, being breastfed and eating well will not be deficient in vitamins and minerals. However, in some cases such as premature babies, twins, babies growing too fast, the quality of their meals is not guaranteed, not breastfed, malnutrition, prolonged diarrhea, absorption disorders, diseases of the liver, bile … will be deficient in vitamins and minerals. When the body is deficient in vitamins and minerals, the child will grow slowly, suffer from a number of diseases, such as: vitamin A deficiency can cause eye diseases, respiratory and gastrointestinal infections; Vitamin B1 deficiency is prone to edema, inflammation of nerves, heart failure; lack of vitamin C easily causes bleeding under the skin and mucous membranes, reduces the body’s resistance to diseases, especially bacterial infections; Vitamin K deficiency is prone to hemorrhage, especially hemorrhage of the brain, meninges, vitamin D and calcium deficiency will be rickets; zinc deficiency is susceptible to skin diseases; Lack of fluorosis is prone to dental diseases, iron deficiency leads to anemia….
If your child unfortunately falls into the group of children at risk of vitamin and mineral deficiency, supplementing these substances for them is essential. In addition, if you suspect that the diet is inadequate, even healthy children should take vitamins and minerals. But, vitamin and mineral supplements for children must be very cautious, as they also have as many unwanted side effects as any medicine.
What causes vitamin and mineral deficiencies?
Due to lack of supply:
Meeting in children living in economically difficult families, the children’s meals are not of a guarantee quality.
Due to eating moldy rice or for a long time lack of Vitamin B1. Vegetables are left to wilt or refrigerate for too long. Due to improper food preparation such as reheating many times. Due to excessive dietary practices or breastfeeding for the baby …
Due to several diseases:
Children suffering from malnutrition, prolonged diarrhea, absorption disorders, liver and bile diseases … are often deficient in vitamins and minerals. Children with malaria can cause a lack of Vitamin B1 and deficiency of Vitamin B1 can complicate malaria.
Meeting in premature babies, twins, babies growing up too fast due to the vitamin requirement is too high for our daily supply.
How much vitamin and mineral is appropriate for children?
The supplemental dose should always be lower than the daily need. Unless a child is sick due to a lack of those vitamins and minerals, higher doses may be required, in this case, as directed by the doctor. Pediatrics. Therefore, parents need to know how much of these vitamins and minerals are daily
Single vitamin and micronutrient preparations usually have very high content, such as Vitamin B12 of 5,000-10,000mcg (800-1,600% of daily requirement), Vitamin C 1,000mg, element zinc 100mg (330 times higher -660% of daily needs) … when using, it is necessary to refer to and strictly comply with the prescription of the physician.
Parents when using vitamins and minerals in combination (multi-vitamins, multi-minerals …) must clearly distinguish the formula for children under 1 year old and under 4 years old.
Vitamins are readily available elements in food (vegetables, fruits, grains, meat, fish …), so if you use quality food, do not diet, do not disturb absorption in the digestive tract. There is no shortage of chemistry, no need to supplement.
However, over-advertising of supplements, vitamins and minerals is making drug abuse more widespread and common, causing unpredictable complications due to … excess vitamins and minerals.
What are the dangers of overdosing on vitamins and minerals?
Excess vitamins can also be dangerous for the child’s body, such as:
Excess Vitamin A can cause poisoning, increasing intracranial pressure, leading to vomiting, headaches, and affecting the bone development, which can slow the child’s growth and neurological disorders. Vitamin A can also be teratogenic, so it should not be given to the mother immediately before pregnancy and especially not for pregnant women in the first trimester.
Excess Vitamin B6 can lead to polyneuritis, memory loss, and decreased prolactin production.
Because there is no accumulation phenomenon, almost no excess Vitamin C is encountered, but if taken in high doses orally, it can cause peptic ulcers, diarrhea. Parenteral administration with high doses can cause hemolysis, especially in people with G6PD enzyme deficiency.
An excess of Vitamin D can cause anorexia, fatigue, vomiting, periosteal thickening. There are cases where too much vitamin D can cause kidney failure and very rapid death.
An excess of Vitamin K is usually only seen with prolonged parenteral administration, which can cause hemolysis and jaundice.
Excess calcium leads to fatigue, anorexia, kidney stones, increased blood pressure … early bones can be low in height.
Excess iron leads to liver infection, iron-infected heart leads to heart failure
Excess zinc leads to anorexia, vomiting, digestive disorders …
In addition, some parents have a habit of arbitrarily using supplements, which can also inadvertently make children deficient in vitamins and micronutrients due to drug interactions. Sulfamid, Methotrexate … reduce the absorption of B vitamins; Vitamin E in high doses depletes reserves of Vitamin A, high doses of Vitamin C destroy Vitamin B12; Excess zinc interferes with iron absorption …
What should be noticed when supplementing vitamins and minerals for children with medicines?
Give your child medication as prescribed by the doctor to avoid complications from overdosing. This is of utmost importance. Lack of vitamins and minerals is not good for health, but if excess, it is equally dangerous. In the case of children taking long-term medication, taking high doses or using products with too many vitamins and minerals in one pill, consult a pediatrician physician.
Children should use liquid as an oral solution because it is easy to drink and absorb.
Using vitamin supplements does not replace food, but still must eat a balanced diet of food groups.