Except for shellfish, you can feed your baby fish in a paste or puree from 6 months of age when he / she starts weaning. However, because protein in seafood in general as well as fish often causes allergies to children, so feeding from 7 months on is best, but it is important to feed slowly a little for babies Gradually, with children with atopic risk, mothers need to be more cautious
What kinds of seafood should the baby eat?
Among all kinds of seafood, sea fish is an excellent food for health due to its high bio-value protein with a well balanced proportion, suitable for the human body. Fish is also rich in omega-3 unsaturated fats that are needed to build nerve cell membranes and are effective in preventing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, eating fish at least 3 times / week is very beneficial for health. Fish liver is also rich in vitamins A and D. Oysters are rich in zinc which is a component of more than 300 enzymes inside the body, is essential for children to grow, and is also essential for the development of the genital system. Most seafood is rich in calcium (especially small fish that can eat bones), so it is essential for bones and teeth. But if you do not know how to choose, preserve and process seafood properly and eat with a degree, it can be “harmful or harmful”.
Copper fish does not contain as many unsaturated fatty acids as the sea, but copper fish also contains more precious protein, easy to absorb, less allergenic than sea fish, so when you first start eating fish, mothers should feeding copper fish first, should choose lean fish with little bones such as: fruit fish, carp, catfish ..
Sea fish should eat salmon, mackerel, tuna, and basa fish. These fish are rich in omega 3 (unsaturated fatty acids are good for children’s nerve and visual development, brain development helps babies more intelligent)
Shrimp is also a food rich in protein and calcium, from the 7th month onwards, mothers can feed their babies shrimp, marine shrimp.
Crabs are foods containing high levels of calcium, so they should be eaten regularly to provide calcium for children.
Shellfish such as: oysters, clams, mussels, clams … should be fed to the baby when they are 1 year old, use water to cook porridge, while chopped, these seafood dishes contain lots of zinc, an important micronutrient. For children.
Seafood is often rich in protein and other essential nutrients. Seafood is also very low in saturated fat and contains omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids, which are essential fats for the body. Seafood is also rich in vitamins (especially B vitamins) and minerals (calcium, zinc, iron, copper, potassium …). Therefore, seafood will contribute a variety to a balanced, healthy diet and help children grow. However, seafood also contains some health risks.
What types of seafood should not be fed to the baby?
Certain types of fish contain high levels of mercury and pollutants. Avoid eating shark, tilefish, swordfish (marlin), mackerel, and big tuna.
The most important thing is that when feeding your baby seafood, mothers must choose fresh and not eat dead seafood because it can cause food poisoning for their baby.
How to process seafood like?
Improper processing of seafood can also be detrimental to the baby’s body. Undercooked processed seafood (raw fish salad, raw oysters, grilled oysters, squid …) can contain bacteria and parasites. That is the cause of many cases of intestinal infections when eating seafood. Nowadays, when the environment is increasingly polluted, another danger that must be mentioned when eating a lot of seafood is the possibility of contamination with heavy metals like mercury.
When the child is still in the stage of eating porridge and porridge: it is best to grind and crush fish and shrimp to cook with flour or porridge, if the fish has a lot of bones, you should boil the fish and remove the bones, the lean sea fish can be ground raw. like grind meat and cook, cook porridge for children, with crabs, crush the water to cook flour, porridge, large shrimp then peel and then grind or chopped, with shrimp too small to be crushed to get water like cooking crab flour.
With shellfish, boiled water to cook porridge, flour, minced meat to porridge, flour
Older children from 3 years old: in addition to eating all kinds of porridge, noodles, vermicelli … cooked with seafood can be fed boiled steamed form: boiled crab, steamed crabs, boiled, steamed clams …
The most important thing is to cook well not to eat fish salad, or undercooked.
How much seafood to eat is enough?
Every day you can also feed your baby 1-2 meals from seafood, but depending on the age, the amount of food each meal is different:
Children 7 – 12 months: each meal can eat 20-30 meat of fish and shrimp (with bones and shells) cooked with flour, porridge, each day can eat 1 meal, at least 3-4 meals / week
Children 1-3 years old: each day eat 1 meal of seafood cooked with porridge or eat noodles, noodles, soup … each meal 30-40 g of seafood meat
Children from 4 years old: can eat 1-2 meals / day, each meal can eat 50-60g of seafood meat, if eating crabs can eat fish / meal, big shrimp can eat 1 – 2 fish / meal (100g with shell).
With the undeniable nutritional benefits of different types of seafood, mothers should feed their babies every day, but they must practice babies to eat a little, from a little to a lot, choose fresh and cooked foods. to avoid food poisoning in children.